By Euronews with Associated Press
The European Space Agency is holding its first recruitment drive in 11 years and is highlighting its desire to achieve greater diversity.
The European equivalent of NASA is seeking to recruit more women astronauts this year, as well as people with disabilities who have always dreamed of going into space.
"We are looking towards the Moon ... and Mars. We need very excellent astronauts for the future," said the ESA’s Director General Jan Worner. "To go farther than we ever have before, we need to look wider than we ever have before."
Only 65 of the more than 560 people who have ever gone into space have been women. Of those 65 women, 51 were American. The ESA has sent only two women into space — Claudie Haigneré and Samantha Cristoforetti — and is now trying to redress the imbalance.
The European agency says the "time has come" to put disabled people into space as part of an initiative called the Parastronaut Feasibility Project. According to the ESA, it’s the first time that a space agency anywhere has opened the application process up to people with disabilities.
"Representing all parts of our society is a concern that we take very seriously," said David Parker, the agency’s Human and Robotic Exploration Director. "Diversity at ESA should not only address the origin, age, background or gender of our astronauts, but also perhaps physical disabilities."